During pregnancy maternal weight will automatically increase with the growth of fetus.But really where weight gain is taken?
Mothers who are pregnant do need extra calories from foods that are rich in nutrients to support fetal growth. But pregnant women need not have thought to eat for two (eat for two).
In general, pregnant women will experience an increase in weight about 1-2 pounds during the first trimester of pregnancy, and 3-4 kg during the second trimester and about 5-7 kg during the third trimester.
Weight gain that occurs during pregnancy will be distributed to several parts, as quoted by WebMD, namely:
- Babies gain weight about 3-4 kg
- Placenta weight gain around 1-1.5 kg
- Amniotic fluid weight gain around 1-1.5 kg
- Breast tissue gain weight around 1-1.5 kg
- Blood supply to gain weight around 2 kg
- Fat storage for childbirth and breastfeeding approximately 2.5 to 4.5 kg
- Uterus weight gain of about 1 to 2.5 kg
If all weight gain is total, then the mother will experience weight gain during pregnancy of about 11.5 to 17.5 kg. But if pregnant women are overweight or underweight ideal, the weight gain that should occur will be different.
If the weight gain that occurs during pregnancy is excessive, you should consult with a physician. Because excess weight can trigger the onset of diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes). This condition can cause complications for both the mother or fetus.
There are several things you can do if the weight increase is excessive, namely:
- Choose foods that are low in fat and steamed or boiled, if you want to eat salads and avoid using mayonnaise sauce and fried foods.
- Limit consumption of sugary sweet drinks or because it has a high level of calories but few nutrients.
- Do not add too much salt while cooking the food, because the sodium of salt can make the body retain water.
- Limiting sweets and snacks that are high in calories, such as sweets, candy, donuts, syrup, honey and potato chips. Try to be replaced with fresh fruit, low fat yogurt, pastries with fruit.
- Using a moderate-fat, including fat here, including cooking oil, margarine, butter, ketchup, mayonnaise, sour cream and cream cheese.
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