Hamamatsu, Science familiar type of psychiatric syndrome or typical symptoms associated with culture, one of them can be found in Japan. At least, the Japanese have 4 bizarre behavior disorders which rarely occur in individuals who come from other cultures.
Syndrome associated with a particular culture is culture specific syndrome. Most of the mental and behavioral disorders, though there is also a form of physical illness such as in Uganda Nakalanga syndrome that causes sufferers vomited continuously.
Although still controversial because it has not been studied, culture specific syndrome is recognized as a separate category in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) made by the American Psychiatric Association. In it there are a number of unique syndrome of various cultures.
One of them is a unique syndrome of Japan that is more or less Taijin Kyofusho which can be interpreted as a disorder (sho) fear (kyofu) on interpersonal relationships (taijin). In English, this syndrome termed social anxiety disorder.
However, symptoms that appear in Taijin Kyofusho very typical and not the same as social anxiety disorder in the west. Symptoms are only experienced by people living with Japanese culture or some other culture in East Asia.
Thursday (12/23/2010), the four symptoms that include Taijin Kyofusho syndrome is as follows.
- Sekimen-kyofu, namely fear of seeing a face faintly reddish (ereuthophobia)
- Shubo-kyofu, namely fear of disability or (body dysmorphic disorder)
- Jikoshisen-kyofu, that is afraid to look the other person
- Jikoshu-kyofu, that is afraid of his own body odor (osmophobia)
Dr Katsuaki Suzuki of Hamamatsu University proved in a recent study, this syndrome is experienced by many people from Asia, especially Japan. Some of them even can not be found in people living with western culture.
A study published in the Journal of Psychiatry revealed, the Japanese are more vulnerable than Westerners to experience the syndrome because of the concept of shame. Japanese people generally do not just fear of feeling embarrassed but also did not want to embarrass the other person.
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