Although both associated with excess sugar in the blood, diabetes type 1 and 2 have some very fundamental differences. The causes are very different, treatment and prevention also can not be equated simply.
The first difference lies in the patient’s age when first diagnosed. Type 1 diabetes is more common in patients under the age of 20 years so it is often called juvenile-onset, whereas type 2 attack aged 35 years and over, or so-called adult onset.
The use of the term juvenile onset and adult onset have been excluded at this time, because in fact type 1 and 2 diabetes can strike at any age. Only, the trend was the same type that one more attack at a young age and type 2 diabetes in old age.
Next is the postures and stature infected. Type 1 diabetic patients generally have a thin physique, whereas type 2 diabetes is more common in large-bodied people who are classified overweight (overweight) and obesity.
Diabetes type 1 and 2 are also distinguished by the cause. Type 1 diabetes is caused by damage to the pancreas so that insulin production is reduced, while type 2 is caused by insulin resistance in the sense enough insulin but does not work well in controlling blood sugar levels.
Because the cause is different, both types of diabetes treatment is also not the same. People with type 1 diabetes require insulin injections or insulin pump while type 2 diabetes patients taking oral medications or simply swallow the drug.
Type 1 diabetes is less predictable and preventable, cause a genetic disorder inborn. As with the diabetes type 2 is highly preventable, because it usually strikes people with unhealthy diets and less exercise.
Seen from the comparison of the number of cases, type 1 diabetes include 10-15 percent of the total number of people with diabetes. Quoted from ABC News, the number of cases of type 2 diabetes, especially in developed and developing countries to achieve 85-90 percent of all people with diabetes of all types.
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