Being a patient of HIV / AIDS is very heavy. In addition to be strong against the disease must also be robust in the face bad stigma from society. His body should not be vulnerable to infection because it could kill him.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) causes damage or weakening of the human immune system, because these viruses require the immune cells to multiply.
Naturally immune cells will be used, can be likened to a copy machine. However, this virus will damage the engine fotocopynya after getting the copy of the new virus in considerable amounts. So the immune cells eventually will run out and the amount of virus to be very much.
With no immune system, people with HIV / AIDS (PLWHA) became susceptible to various infections. Infection is easily cured for a normal person can become a killer for people living with HIV.
What are the infection that often affects people living with HIV?
The possibility of infection experienced by people living with HIV in Indonesia is candidiasis, tuberculosis (TB), fungal infections, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, cytomegalovirus infection (CMV) and hepatitis viruses.
Infection of the so-called opportunistic PLWHA is usually associated with CD4 cell counts in the body. CD4 value indicates the value of immunity or the immune system as indicated by T cells in the blood.
Generally, category of AIDS if the CD4 value below 200 and the numbers under it would begin to opportunistic infections. If a small number of CD4 cells, the infection that may arise tend to be more severe.
Wednesday (12/01/2010), here are some infections that often accompany people living with HIV:
Candidiasis is a fungal infection that usually affects the mouth, throat, or vagina.Fungal infections are most common in AIDS patients, especially in the mouth or a mouth ulcer. In people with AIDS, candidiasis finally leave the painful scratches on the base of the tongue, sometimes make the swelling. Some patients also suffer from dysphagia or painful swallowing.
2. Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
Cytomegalovirus is a viral infection that causes eye disease. In AIDS patients, infection with this virus can cause permanent blindness.
3. Herpes simplex virus
These infections can cause oral herpes (in the mouth) and genital herpes. The infection is common enough experienced a normal person, but for people living with HIV, herpes virus infection can become more frequent and more severe, and difficult to treat.
On PLWHA often found having chronic diarrhea caused by bacterial infection pathogens. Diarrhea in a normal person usually can be treated within a few days, but for people living or persistent diarrhea may be continuous, so that it can cause drastic weight loss and even death.
Malaria is a common disease in developing countries. Anyone can get malaria, but this disease will be a very severe case of the PLWHA.
6. Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC or MAI)
MAC is a bacterial infection that can cause recurring fevers, general sick feelings, problems with digestion and weight loss seriously. In PLWHA infection can be very serious and can cause death.
7. Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP)
PCP is a fungal infection that can cause a fatal pneumonia. These infections are fairly common infection in people living with HIV who have not received treatment.
Toxoplasmosis is a protozoan infection in the brain. PLWHA who experience this condition will have symptoms of blurred vision, pain and seen a black shadow fly-fly in the eye.
9. Tuberculosis (TB)
TB is a bacterial infection that attacks the lungs and can cause meningitis. When the normal TB patients can be treated by eating routine drug for 6 months, but in AIDS patients, TB can be a killer.
The principle of treatment for HIV / AIDS is by taking antiviral drugs (ARVs), treatment of opportunistic infections and basic medication. While supportive treatment can be done is to improve the general state of people living with HIV, care for nutrition, psychosocial support and symptomatic medication so that PLWHA can perform its activities.
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