HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus / Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is a disease which no known cure and no cure. Transmission occurs from the liquid in your body then it is important to know the ways of HIV AIDS.
Having tested positive for HIV usually have 5-10 year period of this virus really can ‘paralyze’ the sufferer. AIDS arise as a result of breeding the HIV virus in the human body. Although now with antiretroviral therapy (Antiretroviral) HIV-AIDS patients can live longer with illness.
Once the virus enters the body, then the virus will develop rapidly. This virus will attack the CD4 lymphocytes (T cells) and destroys white blood cells that affects the immune system. People with HIV will have a number of small white blood cells.
In the early stages of infection, the virus usually show no signs or symptoms.Symptoms will appear after two to four weeks.
Early symptoms of HIV are experiencing severe headaches, fever, fatigue, nausea, diarrhea and swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpit or groin.
As quoted from the WHO website on Monday (6/12/2010) when a person is infected, the initial symptoms sometimes appear similar to the flu or viral infection medium.
At an advanced stage of HIV symptoms show lose weight fast without any reason, dry cough, recurring fever or sweating at night, fatigue, diarrhea is more than a week, memory loss, depression and other neurological disorders.
Because of fierce disease, should continue to remember how HIV-AIDS. The point of transmission occurs from the liquid body. HIV virus in human body fluids.
Fluid potentially containing the HIV virus are blood, semen, vaginal fluid and breast milk. While the liquid that does not transmit the HIV virus is a liquid sweat, saliva, tears, and others. So there is no transmission through kissing.
1. Sexual intercourse, especially through the anus (anal)
People who have the disease if it has a wound infection or any body fluids from coming out then it could be 10 times the potential of transmitting HIV to their partners through sexual intercourse. Behavior mutually exchange sex partners without using condoms is also very risky. Make safe sex.
2. The use of contaminated needles shared by drug users or health care
Needles that have been used to contain fluids from the wearer. Habits like these are widely used compactor. Though only disposable syringes.
Transmission through blood transfusion risk is very high, so that blood banks usually will check repeatedly used the blood of patients through a rigorous screening.
4. Between mothers and their babies during pregnancy, birth and lactation
Pregnant women who have a high risk of transmitting HIV to her baby during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding.
HIV transmission from pregnant mother to child can occur because of infection through the placenta, during delivery or breastfeeding. The source of this infection could be from maternal blood, placenta, amniotic fluid and breast milk.
The possibility of a baby contracting HIV from their mothers during pregnancy is 15-20 percent. While 10-15 per cent at birth, and at the time of breastfeeding is 15-20 percent.
To reduce the threat of children born infected with HIV from pregnant mothers, according to Dr. Utami all pregnant women with HIV should be given ARV (Antiretroviral). Giving these drugs to drastically reduce the possibility of infants infected with HIV in pregnancy.
5. The occurrence of injuries resulting from the use of the same object like a razor, shaving blades also can transmit HIV. So avoid the use of such goods in turn, have better self, except for objects that are sterilized.
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