Heart attack or also known as myocardial infarction is sudden death of heart muscle due to blood clots in the coronary arteries.
Heart attack not only attack old age but also young people. Heart attacks more likely in people with this condition.
Human heart pumps blood throughout the body are constantly at around 4-5 liters of blood every minute. Therefore, if blood flow is not smooth can cause damage to heart muscle that results in impaired cardiac pump (heart failure) and can lead to death.
As reported by Medicinenet, blockage of the arteries will cause cardiac muscle injury. Injury to the heart of this cause chest pain and a painful sensation.If blood flow to the heart muscle is not restored within 20-40 minutes can cause death.
Actually, before the heart attack occurred, signs of heart problems could have known, but people often neglect and consider it normal.
Cardiologist from St. Michael’s Medical Center in Newark, New Jersey, as quoted from MSNHealth there are signs that could lead to a heart problem before it actually happens a heart attack:
1. Neck pain
Patients who have suffered heart attacks were only aware that she often felt sore, sore and feeling as interested in the neck due to muscle tension. These marks are often overlooked because patients are more focused on the tightness or pain in the left chest.
This condition occurs because the nerves of the heart tissue that transmit pain signals up and down the spinal cord that stretches to the neck and shoulders. This pain does not lie in one specific place and usually does not disappear with cold compresses, or massage the muscles warm.
2. Often feel dizzy, shortness of breath, or fainting
A person may experience can not breathe, dizziness or even fainting in the middle of doing ordinary things like walking or cleaning the house that had not previously been problematic.
This condition occurs because the blood through the arteries to carry oxygen to the heart is insufficient. Plaques that accumulate will make the heart difficult to obtain enough oxygen, so that sometimes a person feels sick when I had to draw a deep breath.Usually occurs more abruptly and be lost while resting.
3. Pain in the jaw and ear
Jaw pain is a symptom of the mysterious because it could be due to several reasons, but sometimes can also be an indication of coronary heart disease and heart attacks.The pain that comes along the jaw to the ear and hard to find out where the pain is coming from.
This condition occurs due to damaged heart tissue sends signals to the spinal balakang to affect the nerves along the jaw to the ear. The pain that appears different from toothache or ear infection that is usually at one point, but is more diffuse and sometimes affecting the shoulders and arms, especially on the left.
4. Indigestion, nausea or pain in abdomen
Nd severe attacks of nausea indigestion could be an early sign of heart attack or myocardial infarction, especially in women. In one study of women known to 2 times more likely to experience vomiting, nausea and indigestion for a few months before the heart attack than men.
This condition occurs due to blockage of fat in the arteries reduces the blood supply to the heart that normally occur in the chest can sometimes arise in the stomach. It depends on which part of the heart is broken, so he sends pain signals in the lower body from the chest.
Disturbances are often ignored and because people focus more on the pain in the chest.
According to Dr. M. Taufik Arifin Pohan, SpJP as quoted from his writings in detikHealth, there are at least five heart attack signs to watch out for:
1. Depression (felt overwritten load, pain, pinched and burned), which causes suffocation and strangulation in the neck.
2. The pain may radiate to left arm, neck and back.
3. The pain can last about 15-20 minutes and occur continuously.
4. Arise in a cold sweat, body weakness, palpitations and even fainting.
5. The pain can be reduced when taking a break, but will gain weight if you’re on the move.
Then who the people are prone to heart attacks?
1. People with high cholesterol levels
High cholesterol levels will accelerate the process of atherosclerosis that is blockage of blood vessels. Cholesterol levels for adults should be no more than 200 mg / dl.
Total cholesterol is considered normal if less than 200 mg / dL and high if above 239 mg / dl. The number of LDL (bad) cholesterol should be below 150 mg / dl. The amount of HDL (good) must be above 35 mg / dl. Number of levels of triglycerides should be below 200 mg / dl. It is also not less important is the ratio of LDL cholesterol and HDL cholesterol less than 3.5.
2. People with high blood pressure (hypertension)
Based on data from WHO’s normal blood pressure in adults is 140/90 mmHg. People who have high blood pressure at higher risk of heart attacks and strokes. A person was diagnosed with hypertension when blood pressure above 140/90 mmHg.
3. People with high blood sugar levels
Normal blood sugar levels before meals are kiasaran 80-120 mg / dl after a day filled with food and 100-140 mg / dl. Sugar levels above 140 mm / dL during fasting is not to be suspected as a diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes was significantly associated with early death due to vascular disease.Complications of diabetes on the eyes, kidneys, and nerves are significantly deliver a very heavy burden of pain. Diabetes increases the risk of stroke and heart up to 3-fold.For that maintain blood sugar levels in the 80 mg / dL to prevent the formation of plaque on artery walls.
3. People with smoking
Smoking can cause heart attacks due to accelerated atherosclerosis due to irritation of the blood vessel wall so as to accelerate cholesterol precipitate, facilitate the occurrence of blood clots that can clog blood vessels and lowers good cholesterol.
4. People who experience serious fatigue
Physical and mental fatigue can trigger various chronic diseases, such as digestive disorders, cardiovascular system disorders and decreased stamina. Tired body condition coupled with the continuous consumption of cigarettes and a variety of supplements and drinks that contain ginseng and caffeine can aggravate the situation which resulted in someone having a heart attack.
5. People with excess weight
Obesity is associated with decreased insulin sensitivity that leads to diabetes mellitus, elevated levels of blood fats (triglycerides and cholesterol), and increased blood pressure.
Keep the abdominal circumference of less than 80 cm for women and approximately 90 cm for men. Excess abdominal circumference (on the Asian race:> 90 cm in men and> 80 cm in women) significantly increased the risk of stroke and heart up to 2-fold.
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