Cholera (also called Asiatic cholera) is an infectious disease in the digestive tract caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. These bacteria usually enters the body through drinking water contaminated by improper sanitation or by eating fish that are not properly cooked, especially shellfish. Symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, and dehydration.
Hundreds of people died horrible in Haiti because of cholera. The disease is more common in developing countries, poor sanitary facilities. How do I prevent not exposed to cholera?
Cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae bacteria that attacks the human colon and eventually become infected. Lack of clean water and latrines process (bathing-washing-toilet) is not enough to make cholera thrives. Habit of eating raw seafood or shellfish too immature to be triggered.
Death is usually caused by dehydration. If left untreated cholera has a high mortality rate. Treatment is usually with aggressive rehydration “regimen” is usually delivered by intravenous, which continues until the diarrhea stops.
cholera-like diarrhea, except that a higher level of severity or acute diarrhea. The signs are the most common cholera diarrhea (liquid waste water) continuous cramping, vomiting and leg.
Cholera can be fatal within hours if the patient is a very rapid release of fluids which make dehydration and shock. It is estimated that more than 100,000 cases and deaths occur each year worldwide.
Where cases of cholera are most common?
Cholera bacteria are commonly found in the source water or food contaminated by feces (feces) of people infected with cholera. Most occur in areas of inadequate water treatment, sanitation and poor hygiene.
Distance of latrines close to water sources such as drinking or river water used for toilets are also used for cooking. Cholera bacteria also live in environments such as brackish rivers and coastal waters.Other habits that cause cholera eating raw shellfish that many in the community in the coastal areas.
How do people get cholera?
A person can get cholera by drinking water or eating food contaminated with cholera bacteria. When a cholera outbreak is usually the source of contamination from dirt (feces) of people infected with cholera and manure is contaminating the water used for food.
This disease can spread rapidly in areas that do not have a sewage system and waste water pengelohan adequate drinking. People will not get cholera if only to touch.
How long do symptoms appear after a person becomes infected? If people affected by cholera infection symptoms can appear within a few hours to 5 days. However, symptoms usually appear within 2-3 days.
How do doctors diagnose cholera?
To test for cholera, doctors must take a stool sample or rectal rub the patient and sent to a laboratory to look for cholera bacteria.
What is the treatment for cholera?
Treatment of cholera which is actually very simple to quickly replace fluids and salts lost through patients experiencing acute diarrhea.
Patients can be treated with a solution of sugar and salt and drunk in large quantities. These solutions are used worldwide to treat diarrhea. For severe cases required intravenous fluid replacement (intravenously). Rapid replacement of fluids (rehydration) can suppress less than 1 percent of patients died of cholera.
Is there a vaccine to prevent cholera?
Currently, there are two oral cholera vaccines are available that Dukoral (produced by SBL Vaccines) which has been licensed by the WHO for 60 countries. One ShanChol more (produced by Shantha Biotec in India) and is awaiting WHO prequalification stage.
How to prevent cholera?
1. Only drink boiled water.
2. Use clean water to cook, wash, brush teeth, bathe, wash clothes.
3. Be careful if you mix the drinks with ice cubes do not use ice cubes from the raw water.
4. Do not eat raw meat or undercooked seafood such as shellfish.
5. Peeling fruit or vegetable when it comes to eating.
6. Always wash hands before and after meals.
7. Having a public toilet facility with a good garbage disposal so as not to contaminate water in wells.
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