Discomfort often disobedient children taking medication, whereas Antireroviral Medicines for HIV must be taken regularly. To overcome this, the experts develop drugs with special flavors that kids love.
It is estimated that every day there are 1,000 children infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). This usually occurs when an infected woman later gave birth to babies who are also infected with HIV. In effect, an estimated 700 children die every day from AIDS.
“This is a very serious problem, there are more than 2.5 million children are now living with HIV. About 92 percent of children infected with HIV live in Saharan Africa,” said Rachel Cohen, director of the Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative in North America VOANews.
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is the final stage of HIV infection, which causes severe damage to the immune system. This condition gradually destroys the immune system, which makes it harder for the body to fight infection.
Cohen said the child with AIDS disease has been virtually eliminated in developed countries because it is looked down upon in the public eye.
“Our organization is focused almost entirely on the most neglected tropical diseases, such as African sleeping sickness, visceral leishmaniasis or chaqas disease. International organizations, like Doctors Without Borders / Medecins Sans Frontieres, UNITAID and several others have asked us to focus our expertise in the field of development cure for the problem of HIV in children. That’s why we started designing the program in 2010 and has now officially launched our program in 2011, “said Cohen.
A relatively inexpensive treatment is available, but care is not available in poor countries. Plus pharmaceutical companies consider not see many advantages in developing new treatment or better treatment for children with AIDS.
Cohen said the available drugs to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child, but many HIV-infected pregnant women who just do not get it.
Many women who have no access to prenatal care, so never get meskim care possible when they have been diagnosed. Even if they do care, very few offer HIV testing for pregnant women.
Access to antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis or for optimal therapy is really inadequate.Not to mention there are other barriers, such as a rare alternative to breastfeeding their babies. So that is still found a large number of children born with HIV in poor countries.
This can spend years to develop drugs that are suitable for children. HIV drugs currently has a flavor that is less suitable for children.
Ideally, a drug for children should have a sense that can be tolerated by children.Currently there is a drug with a separate liquid preparation of several antiretroviral drugs for children less than 3 years, but have a sense which, according to the child very uncomfortable.
The drugs should also remain stable at tropical temperatures and is available in modest doses. The drugs also should not contraindicated or compatible with other HIV drugs for children, which may also be consumed by children.
TB is a highly prevalent disease which is a concomitant infection in people with HIV, so it is necessary to find ways to ensure that the drugs found no contraindication to TB drugs.
World Health Organization (WHO) recommends immediate care for children less than 2 years who are infected with HIV. Drugs for Neglected Diseases Organization said the goal is to develop the first phase of therapy is effective, available and affordable for children infected with HIV.
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