Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) are acute febrile illness transmitted mosquito, which occurs in tropical regions, can be life-threatening, and is caused by four closely related virus serotypes with Flaviviruskeluarga genus, Flaviviridae. It identified and named in 1779.
He is also known as breakbone fever, because it can be very painful. Unlike malaria, dengue fever each occurred in a series of urban districts such as in rural areas. Each serotype is sufficiently different that there is no cross-protection and epidemics caused by multiple serotypes (hyperendemicity) can occur.
WHO says about 2.5 billion people, two fifths of the world’s population, now at risk from dengue fever and estimates that there may be 50 million cases of dengue infection worldwide every year.
Dengue fever at the time of this type of patient immune attack is decreased. DHF is characterized by fever other than that, the patient is not found in the bleeding manifestation. In the skin of patients with bleeding spots visible. Besides the skin, patients may also experience bleeding gums, nose, and intestines. If not treated immediately can cause death of the patient.
Dengue is transmitted through the bite of Aedes aegypti mosquito that previously has bitten an infected patient dengeu.
Symptoms of dengue fever began to feel chills, headache, when moving the eyeball and punggun. Pain in the limbs and joints will occur several hours after the symptoms of dengue fever began to be felt.body temperature will rise rapidly to reach 40 degrees Celsius with a normal pulse and blood pressure tends to fall. Eyeball will appear reddish. Redness also appeared on the face that will quickly disappear. Glands in the neck and throat sometimes go higher.
Generally, treatment for patients with Dengue fever is a way menggnti body fluids, give drink as much as 1.5 liters of -2 liters in 24 hours (water tea and sugar syrup or milk), as well as electrolyte salts (ORS), if necessary 1 tablespoon each 3-5 minutes for the patient.
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