London, Toilet is a place where people throw dirt, ie urine and feces. Approximately 2.6 billion people lack access around the world for good health such as clean toilets. As a result, diseases caused by poor sanitation such as cholera continue to appear.
In a study published by the Public Library of Science (PLoS) Medicine journal, researchers found than 2.6 billion people without access to improved sanitation around two-thirds live in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
Since there is no adequate toilet about 20 percent of the world’s population still defecate in the open that trigger bad sanitation. And with the increasing levels of hygiene, sanitation and clean water supply could prevent 2 million child deaths a year.
Sanitation and clean drinking water is not accounted for at least 7 per cent of disease worldwide and nearly 20 percent to the cause of death of children in the world.
drainage system and poor sanitation can spread dangerous infections such as viral hepatitis and cholera, acute infectious disease and diarrhea and severe dehydration due to contaminated water. If the condition is severe and not handled properly, this can cause death within hours.
Progress in improving water supply and sanitation has been very slow in most developing countries. Therefore, the researchers urge UN agencies, international donors and government officials and health in developing countries to improve sanitation in order to reduce the burden of disease damage.
“Globally, about 2.4 million deaths each year could be prevented if all persons the right hygiene practices, sanitation and reliable access to good drinking water,” said study chairman Sandy Cairncross of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, as quoted by Reuters on Tuesday (16/11/2010).
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