The threat of germs and viruses are more rampant toddler makes the body susceptible to disease. Toddlers do have natural immunity, but that their immune sometimes unable to protect them from the threat of deadly germs.
World Health Organization (WHO) noted there are 10 required vaccines toddlers. But not all of these vaccines must be given depending on its condition.
As reported by the Health, 12, both vaccines are necessary toddlers mandatory or not is as follows:
1. Hepatitis B
The vaccine must be given to infants even before he left the hospital. The vaccine is given 12 hours after birth. The vaccine is given as much as 3 times.
- First is the 12 hours after birth
- Second, 1-2 months from the first vaccine should be given more
- Thirdly, 6-18 months after the second vaccine.
The vaccine to protect infants from hepatitis B virus that is hard to cure which may be affected infants of mothers who have hepatitis during the birth process.
The virus is spread through contact with blood or other body fluids. Side effects after vaccinated this is a mild fever. According to Gabrielle Gold-von Simson, MD, assistant professor of pediatrics at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York, mild fever are the most common symptoms experienced by a toddler.
2. DPT or DTP
The vaccine must be given which is a mixture of three vaccines is to prevent diphtheria disease (which attacks the throat), pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus (due to wound infections that cause seizures.)
The vaccine is given as much as 5 times and the first time when the baby is older than six weeks. Then when the baby was 4 and 6 months. Deuteronomy DTP given the age of 18 months and 5 years. For the gains can be performed on children age 12 and then done again every 10 years.
“DPT vaccine can be given along with hepatitis and polio,” said Dr. Gold-von Simson.
This Vakin in Indonesia must be given because of the threat of polio is still there. The vaccine is to counteract the paralysis due to polio virus. Olio first vaccine is given after birth. Then these vaccines are given 3 times, while infants aged 2, 4, and 6 months. Giving this vaccine could be repeated at the age of 18 months and 5 years.
4. BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)
The vaccine must be given a point in preventing TB disease (tuberculosis). BCG vaccine can be 80 percent effective in preventing tuberculosis for a period of 15 years. BCG immunization is only done once, ie when infants aged 0-11 months. But most given when the infant under the age of 2 months.
5. Vaccine Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR)
MMR vaccine protects children from three viruses: measles (which causes high fever and rash body-wide), mumps (which cause facial pain, swelling of the salivary glands, and sometimes swelling of the scrotum in males), and rubella or German measles(which can cause birth defects if infection occurs during pregnancy).
The vaccine is first given to children at ages 12 to 15 months and at ages between 4 and 6 years.
Chicken pox is a highly contagious rash caused by the varicella virus. Chickenpox infection can be very dangerous and in adults who do not have immunity or not vaccinated in childhood can cause shingles.
Giving the children performed at age 12 to 15 months and then performed again at the age between 4 and 6 years.
The side effects of this vaccine is causing pain and used in the injection site, mild fever or rash.
The six vaccine by doctors in Indonesia are usually required to be given. But in addition to six vaccines, there is also another vaccine that is sometimes given to infants under the conditions.
7. Type B vaccine Hib (Haemophilus influenza)
“Haemophilus influenzae type b is a bacteria that causes meningitis,” said Dr. Gold-von Simson. Meningitis is an inflammatory disease of the brain lining and spinal cord that is very dangerous for children under age 5.
Hib vaccine is generally given to children ages 2, 4, 6, and 12 to 15 months. Side effects include fever, swelling, and redness at the injection site.
8. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)
The vaccine is known as PCV13 (brand name Prevnar), protects against 13 types of Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is a bacteria that can cause all sorts of diseases including meningitis, pneumonia, ear infections, blood infections, and even death.
The vaccine is given as much as four times in children aged 2, 4, 6, and 12 to 15 months to protect children from germs, known as pneumococcal bacteria.
The most common side effects of this vaccine are drowsiness, swelling at the injection site, mild fever, and easy emotion.
9. Influenza vaccine (flu)
This vaccine is primarily conducted in countries that do 4 seasons every year starting in the fall.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention U.S. or the Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommend this vaccine for children aged 6 months or more.
Common side effects of this vaccine were pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site. It could also have a fever and pain.
“But if your child has an egg allergy is no influenza vaccination should be done,” said Dr. Gold-von Simson.
10. Rotavirus Vaccine (RV)
Rotavirus Vaccine (RV) with brands such as RotaTeq, Rotarix is given to children aged 2 and 4 month. RotaTeq is also given to children age 6 months. This vaccine protects children affected by severe diarrhea and vomiting are more common in children around the world.
The vaccine is a liquid and administered orally baby. The side effects emotional bastard, mild diarrhea or vomiting.
11. Hepatitis A Vaccine
toddler hepatitis A vaccine is rarely given direct but more dangerous because of hepatitis B hepatitis B.
Children are easily infected with hepatitis A from food or drink. This is a viral infection that affects the liver, and can cause a number of symptoms, including fever, fatigue, jaundice, and loss of appetite.
Giving this vaccine given to children aged 12 to 23 months. The side effects of pain at the injection site, headache and loss of appetite temporarily.
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